Samsung Galaxy S Series Timeline

Released on April 21 in the US and hitting the shelves worldwide starting April 28, the brand-new Samsung Galaxy S8 is already getting praises. With record-breaking pre-order sales and positive critical reception, the S8 appears to be a home run. However, there are a number of issues cropping up as well, such as red-tinted screens, problems with the Device Quality Agent, and iris scanner fails – thankfully, no exploding batteries yet.

Samsung Galaxy S Series Timeline

Time will tell whether the new Galaxy phone will be a smash hit or face the same fate as the fiery Note 7. Meanwhile, we will let the future worry about itself, while we take a look back at the past and scan the Galaxy S series’ evolution throughout the years.

The Samsung Galaxy S Timeline is a chronological round-up of all major releases in the company’s flagship smartphone line, from the very first model, launched in 2010, to the fresh-out-of-the-oven S8. Samsung Galaxy S was a monster for its time, but it was not perfect by any means. The S2, the thinnest phone in the world at the time of its release, was the first in the series to cause a big splash in the mobile industry.

The Samsung Galaxy S chronology was built in PowerPoint using Office Timeline, an add-in that helps users create and share beautiful timelines and Gantt charts in a matter of minutes. The Free Edition is a light but fully functional timeline maker recommended for personal or academic use, while the Plus Edition introduces more customization options and advanced features, ideal for professional presentations and reports.

The image can be copied, modified, and distributed for private or public use. To edit or update the graphic, download the Samsung Galaxy S Timeline PowerPoint Slide here.



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Microsoft Windows Timeline

Since its first release in 1985, Microsoft’s Windows operating system has seen numerous adjustments and quite a few major transformations. Now, over three decades later, the OS looks very different, but still somehow familiar, with staple features that have survived throughout the years, increased computing power, and – more recently – a shift from the mouse and keyboard to the touchscreen. Let’s take a brief look into the history of the world’s most ubiquitous operating system, from its birth to the latest arrivals on the market.

Microsoft Windows Timeline

The Microsoft Windows Timeline illustrates some of the most important releases in the history of the OS, from version 1.0, Windows 95 and the first mobile versions, to Windows 10 and Server 2016. As an interesting fact, Windows 1.0, Microsoft’s first graphical user interface, was received poorly by critics because they considered it too mouse-focused (the mouse was relatively new at the time). It was Windows 95, released a decade later, that truly managed to cement the company’s dominance in the computer industry.

The Windows chronology was created using Office Timeline, a PowerPoint add-in that helps users build impressive timelines, schedules and charts fast and easily. The free edition of the add-in can be used to quickly build and edit visuals for personal reference or academic presentations, while the Plus version comes with more sophisticated features and customization options, ideal for professional and business communications.

The illustration is free to copy, reproduce or distribute for private or public use. To edit or update the graphic, download the Microsoft Windows Timeline PowerPoint slide here.



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The Psychology of Presentations: Getting Your Point Across

Have you ever attended a bad presentation? I have, and they seem to be endless and boring regardless of how interesting the subject may have been. I can think of several meetings where I was presented with eye-straining slides, or slides created from blocks of pasted text. In these types of presentations, I find it hard to stay focused on what the host is saying and, unfortunately, struggle to retain the information they were trying to communicate.

Any presenter’s primary goal is for their audience to pay attention, easily understand the data being communicated, and leave the room remembering the main points. Thanks to the extensive research available on human psychology, memory and attention, presenters can take advantage of scientifically based techniques to create more compelling and effective presentations.

From capturing the audience’s attention to raising retention levels, the following research-backed tips will help professionals deliver more effective presentations:

Here are a few tips to help beginner product managers ace their presentations:

          Cater to the different learning styles

Psychologists, teachers, trainers and leaders often use a theory of learning called the VAK model to help people concentrate on and process information more effectively. According to the VAK theory, an individual’s dominant learning style can be either visual, auditory or kinesthetic.

  • Auditory learners absorb information best through words and sounds. Varying vocal pitch, tone, volume and pace to avoid monotony or emphasize important ideas can be an effective approach when addressing this type of audiences. In addition, well-placed pauses can add tension, spark curiosity, or give the participants time to process new concepts.
  • Visual learners respond best to graphs, mind maps, charts, pictures and any other illustrations. Using facial expressions, gestures and other visual cues while speaking can also be effective.
  • Kinesthetic learners retain new concepts most effectively through experience – moving, doing, touching, sharing. Inviting them to share their opinions or integrating various activities into the presentation will help keep kinesthetic audiences focused and improve retention levels.

Since an audience usually comprises a mix of the different types of learners, the safest approach when planning a presentation is to cater to all learning styles. However, in some instances, it can be a good idea to favor one sensory channel over the others. For example, when presenting to a team of illustrators or designers, emphasizing visual communication will ensure a better response from the audience.

Power up your presentation

          Structure the content

Research shows that structured information is 40% easier to retain than data conveyed in a freeform manner. To ensure clarity and higher retention levels, professionals can rely on a variety of effective presentation structures, including:


  • Problem – Solution – Benefit: good for motivating or persuading the audience
  • Cause – Effect: recommended for helping the audience understand the logic behind the presenter’s position
  • Comparison (differences and similarities): effective in highlighting the relative advantages of a specific approach to a problem
  • Chronological: best for reporting or stepping the audience through a process.
          Use the law of three

What do the Three Little Pigs, the slogan of the French Republic, and the famous Latin phrase “Veni, vidi, vici” have in common? It’s that they all come in threes - and there may be a reason behind it.

The law of three is one of the oldest writing and rhetoric principles, dating back to Aristotle. It suggests that groups or lists of three items are more effective, more “satisfying”, and easier to remember than any other numbers. The rule is used extensively in literature (particularly fairytales), public speaking, marketing, music, theater, the movie industry, and even religion – it is all around us. But why is the number 3 so powerful?

The answer may lie in the way our brains are wired. Humans’ pattern recognition capability is superior to any other species’ and it is one of the most important features supporting information processing, language and imagination. The human brain loves patterns – the simpler they are, the easier they’ll be to process and remember. Three is the smallest number required to make a pattern, and this is why triads are so effective when it comes to data retention. Therefore, reducing a presentation to three main points or structuring ideas as triads will make it easier for the audience to focus and remember the information presented.

          State your most important points first

According to research, people tend to remember the first and last items in a series considerably better than those in the middle of the sequence. This cognitive bias is called “serial position effect” and can have quite an impact on the effectiveness of a presentation. Therefore, a good approach to ensure higher data retention is to:


  • Present the most important points first
  • Use the middle of the presentation to expand them
  • Restate the key points in the conclusion.
          Use effective visuals

Numerous studies have demonstrated that images, graphs and pictures are more likely to grab attention and be remembered than words. Adding visuals to a presentation can, therefore, be one of the most valuable ways for professionals to ensure they get their point across - as long as they are used wisely. Here are a few tips on how to use visuals for more impactful presentations:

          1. Use graphs, not tables

Moin Syed, PhD, psychology professor at the University of Minnesota, recommends converting words and numbers into graphs and diagrams rather than tables. Tables require detailed reading and focus, so they are not ideal for extracting essential data quickly. A well designed chart, on the other hand, can help the audience get the big picture much faster.

          2. Be bold with colors

Be bold with colors

A recent IEEE study has shown that images comprising 7 or more colors are more memorable than visuals with 2 to 6 colors. As a result, a colorful project plan such as the one above, for instance, can ensure the project team or stakeholders will find the information presented easy to grasp and remember. On the other hand, the image below may seem more businesslike, but will most likely not have the same impact on the audience.

Use more colors in presentations

          3. Avoid complex visuals

Research published in the Journal of Neuroscience has revealed that visual and auditory senses share a limited neural resource. This means that focusing on complex images can reduce the brain’s capacity to process sounds. Consequently, when a presentation includes particularly demanding visuals, the audience will not merely ignore the presenter’s voice - they will actually fail to hear it in the first place. Practicing simple designs in presentations will reduce the cognitive load on the audience and ensure both the visual data and the speaker’s voice can get through to the participants.

          4. Surprise

Psychological studies on human memory have shown that a notably different item in a series of otherwise similar items will be more easily recalled than the others. This cognitive bias is known as the von Restorff effect and can be used to deliver more effective presentations. When creating graphs, charts and other visuals, professionals can tweak colors, sizes and shapes to add an element of surprise and steer the audience’s focus to the most important details. For instance, in the image below, “Beta Test 2.2” clearly stands out and will most likely be recalled better than the other milestones on the timeline.

Surprise elements in presentations

          5. Spark Curiosity

There is a psychological phenomenon called the curiosity gap that has been used extensively in online marketing (e.g. clickbait titles) and can be very effective in PowerPoint presentations as well. According to research, people learn better when they are curious about an answer. In addition, the increased dopamine activity while in a state of curiosity also improves their long-term memory. Presenting seemingly incomplete visuals and revealing the missing data gradually will make the audience curious about the omitted details and, therefore, ensure a higher retention level. For example, in the schedule presented below, viewers can see that there are two events programmed after lunch, but, initially, there is no data about what they entail.

Spark curiosity in presentations

When the information is revealed, due to the curiosity gap created, the audience will be more likely to remember the Mobile strategy meeting and the guest speaker programmed in the afternoon.

Mobile strategy in presentations

The tips above are just some of the many techniques experienced presenters use to get their point across successfully. Understanding the way the human mind works, what grabs attention and what supports learning and memory can help professionals create more powerful presentations, regardless of topic or purpose.

          Key points to remember

  • Adapting a presentation to the audience’s dominant learning style can considerably improve information processing.
  • Structure, patterns, and the order in which ideas are presented play a big role in data retention.
  • Well thought-out visuals will make important data easily distinguishable and more memorable.

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How to Master Product Roadmap Presentations

Giving a product roadmap presentation isn’t easy. To achieve their goals, product managers must diplomatically convince an entire room of opinionated stakeholders to listen to them and support their vision. Oftentimes, it is not a flaw in the product strategy itself that leads to dismissals or pushbacks, but how that strategy is communicated to the audience. This is why PMs pay just as much attention to the way they deliver the roadmap presentation as to the actual information shared with the stakeholders.

Here are a few tips to help beginner product managers ace their presentations:

          1. Consider Your Audience

Understanding the audience and what approach would work best for them is one of the key steps to successful product roadmap presentations. For instance, when communicating the product strategy to executives, the main goal is to secure buy-in and maintain support throughout the development cycle. In this case, the presentation doesn’t need to include every single planned feature, but rather focus on high-level strategic concepts – such as new market penetration, driving growth, or customer satisfaction.

Product Roadmap Audience

On the other hand, the professionals working on product development will probably not be terribly interested in market penetration or the organization’s revenue potential. When presenting to such teams, product managers usually create more granular roadmaps and focus on features, milestones, sprints and releases. In addition, it may be a good choice to include relevant tasks and requirements of other departments, so that the developers understand the importance of certain deadlines or requests.

Granular Product Roadmap

          2. Keep it simple

It can be tempting to add as many details as possible to a roadmap, in an attempt to be thorough and cover all aspects that seem important. However, details such as UI designs or user stories, for instance, do not belong on a roadmap, but in the product backlog, and they can make the presentation too busy and difficult to follow. Excessive or irrelevant information is not likely to secure executive buy-in, and it will not be helpful in inspiring teams either.

          3. Tell a story and explain the “Why”

Persuasive presentations aren’t just statistics, Gantt charts and graphs. They are stories that connect the audience to the key data points and make the information communicated more accessible.

When presenting product roadmaps, adopting a casual, conversational style will allow PMs to draw the audience in while also conveying essential facts. Also, showing executives what the strategy proposed will mean for the organization or explaining how the product can solve a vital problem for the end users will have more impact than just listing features and numbers. When everyone in the room understands the larger strategic vision and reasons behind the product manager’s decisions, they will be much more likely to see the merits of the plan and get behind the project.

          4. Remember that appearance matters

The main purpose of a product roadmap is to visualize the strategy and make it crystal-clear to the audience, whether the presenter is aiming for stakeholder buy-in or communicating plans to the team. If the roadmap is dull, unclear, or, worse, it is just a long list of features displayed on a spreadsheet, it will not take long for the audience to lose interest.

Presenting the plan through a straightforward visual will draw attention and make it easy for everyone to quickly understand what the product manager is proposing. Also, visuals force PMs to be ruthless about which details to include in the roadmap and which to cut out, distilling the plan down to only the most essential points that serve the product’s strategic goals. Last but not least, a colorful, well-designed visual can help highlight key information and add meaning without overcrowding the roadmap.

Product Roadmap Appearance

          5. Know when to show dates

Some product managers never include dates when presenting a roadmap, while others recommend to always display them. The safest approach could lie somewhere in the middle:

  • When it comes to internal product roadmaps that coordinate the work carried out by various teams (development, support, marketing, etc.), showing dates or timeframes is necessary, indeed. It will let everyone know how to organize their time so as not to impede others’ work or miss key deadlines. Also, including dates can be of particular importance when it comes to seasonal or date-driven products, such as a travel app that needs to be released before summer, or smartphones that must be rolled out just in time for Christmas sales.
  • In the case of external-facing roadmaps – presented to customers or users, for example – it may be best to not show any specific timeframes unless the product’s availability date is absolutely certain. This will reduce the risks of over-commitment, rushed work, and disappointed stakeholders.

          6. Show confidence and enthusiasm

No matter how good a product strategy is and how compelling the facts, simply reciting the information presented on the roadmap will most likely not get the desired reaction from audiences. Speaking enthusiastically and showing confidence in their plan will help product managers be much more persuasive and transmit that enthusiasm to the everyone in the room, giving the product the best shot at success.

          7. Be prepared to handle objections
  • “How can we scope this down?”
  • “Can’t we move faster?”
  • “The costs are too high.”
  • “Why can’t we do this another way?”
  • “Why don’t we add X or Y to the product?”

These are just a few of the many questions and objections the audience might have, and PMs need to be prepared to answer them. To reduce the chances of being caught off guard, experienced product managers brainstorm all possible issues the audience may raise and look for the best way to handle them before meeting the stakeholders.

Some common objections can be worked directly into the presentation and addressed even before they occur. For others, PMs can prepare responses that address not only the questions raised, but also deeper, underlying ones. Finally, to reduce the possible objections to a minimum, it is recommended to back up all statements and information presented with hard facts – for instance, user analytics, market statistics, direct customer requests, etc. Evidence is always more compelling than opinion.

Preparing a product roadmap presentation requires thorough planning, a good understanding of the audience, and great attention to detail. However, once mastered, it can be one of the most powerful communication tools for product managers to present their vision - and make it happen.


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Juno's Jupiter Exploration Mission Timeline

In August 2011, NASA launched an orbiter named Juno that would travel 1.7 billion miles to Jupiter to take measurements, snap photos and search for clues of how the largest planet in our solar system was formed. The spacecraft successfully reached Jupiter’s orbit on July 5, 2016, and has since wowed the world multiple times with the data and images sent back. Following the orbiter’s latest close flyby at the end of March, 2017, NASA has released another set of stunning photos that stirred up great interest worldwide. To celebrate Juno’s achievements, let’s have a look at its journey through space up until now and see what its future plans are as well.

Juno Jupiter exploration timeline

The Juno Space Probe Timeline illustrates the orbiter’s expedition to Jupiter, from the moment it was launched to its presumed disposal time. The image displays some of the most important milestones in Juno’s voyage, including the moment it entered Jupiter’s orbit, its 6 perijoves (the points in orbit where Juno is closest to Jupiter), its earliest expected camera failure, and its planned end of mission. The expedition was scheduled to end in February 2018, when Juno would intentionally be deorbited into Jupiter’s atmosphere and disintegrated to eliminate space debris and contamination risks. However, after engine problems that caused the spacecraft to orbit Jupiter at a slower rate, it is believed that the mission could continue through 2019.

The Juno Space Probe Timeline was created in PowerPoint using the Office Timeline plug-in and can be copied and distributed for private or public use. The free edition of the software can be used to make quick edits to the visual, while the Plus version features more advanced timeline creation and customization options – ideal for legal, business or academic presentations.

To customize or update the graphics, download the Juno Space Probe Timeline PowerPoint version here.



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