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Easter Holy Week timeline: the 8 days of Easter

Discover the timeline of events during the Easter Holy Week, from Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday. Free PowerPoint to download.

Apr 1, 2023

4 min read

As the most important Christian celebration is right around the corner, we have created the Easter Holy Week timeline, based on the biblical accounts of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John. In addition, the blog post tries to provide answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about the holiday, its historical origins and significance.

Who knows, you might even find an Easter egg or two.

Easter Holy Week timeline

What do Christians celebrate on Easter?

Easter is also known as Latin and Greek Pascha, and it’s the most important religious holiday in Christianity. It commemorates the crucifixion and death of Jesus, followed by his resurrection from the dead, which the New Testament describes as having occurred three days after his burial. Christians see the willing oblation of Jesus as the ultimate sacrifice and a lesson in selflessness.

However, there is another key point here: Jesus’ story culminates with his triumph over death. Christians everywhere view the miraculous revival as proof that eternal life is granted to all true believers. Without it, there would be no Christian faith, and even the gospels (John 20:19, Corinthians 15:14 and Luke 24:39) report how the apostles grew disheartened following the events on Golgotha (Roman Calvary).

Yet, while there are variations in the story depending on the gospel, the resurrection of Jesus is the red thread connecting them all.

The origins of the word “Easter”

The English name for the holiday has similar words in German – Oestern – and Dutch – ooster – but the prevalent theory is that it comes from the Old English words “Ēastrun”, “Ēastre” or “Ēostre”. The illustrious 6th century Monk Bede writes that Ēosturmōnaþ – meaning “Month of Ēostre” – was the equivalent of April, named after the west Germanic goddess Ēostre who was celebrated in that month.

Is it “Pascha” or “Easter”?

In Latin and Greek, this holiday is still referred to as “Pascha”, which is derived from the Aramaic word “פסחא” (Paskha) and is related to the Hebrew “פֶּסַח” (Pesach). In the Jewish tradition, Pascha represents the festival of Passover, which commemorates the peoples’ exodus from slavery in Egypt. Nonetheless, the Orthodox Church uses the name “Pascha” to refer to the events of the resurrection. 

When is Easter celebrated each year?

Easter – and associated celebrations – are known as “movable feasts”. The First Council of Nicaea did not establish a specific date for the holiday, but rather that it should be the same date all over the world (which didn’t stand up the test of time). Also, it should be determined regardless of the Jewish calendar.

As of such, the Gregorian calendar-wielding Western Christians decided that Easter should be celebrated in the interval from March 22nd to April 25th, seven days following the full moon. Eastern Orthodox Christians, who favor the Julian calendar, typically observe Easter between April 4th and May 8th.

FAQs about the Easter Holy Week timeline

Let’s have a look at some frequently asked questions about the Easter Holy Week and provide you with the answers you may be searching.

About the Easter Holy Week timeline

The Easter Holy Week timeline is free to download as both an image and a PowerPoint file. The visual was created with Office Timeline, the perfect PowerPoint companion that helps you create amazing project visuals within minutes. Check out the free edition which includes most of the available features or give the free 14-day trial a go, in case you need to create more complex presentations.

“Happy Easter” from everyone here at Office Timeline!

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